Balance and Vertigo disturbances are a form of health condition characterized by dizziness, unsteadiness, and symptoms of balance disorder mainly due to alterations of the ear labyrinth. The vestibular system of the ear maintains balance as it interacts with other body organs such as the eyes, bone and joint system, brain, and the nervous system. When the Labyrinth system is altered, balance problems due to the inability of the other organs that depend on it to control the body’s balance. Victims of balance and vertigo, therefore, develop a difficulty in maintaining balance when standing and in severe cases; when walking. Vertigo is illusionary sensations that make individuals feel like their surroundings are moving or whirling accompanied with feelings of blacking out and in some instances, victims lose their breath as a result. The following is a review of balance and vertigo health conditions, their symptoms, the causes of the conditions, the latest and most recommended therapy for balance problems and dizziness.
Balance disturbance is a general health term which is used to describe conditions that bring about abnormal sensation in locomotion and human movement. This means that individuals experience instances of staggering, physical imbalance, nausea, spinning sensations, lightheadedness, frequent blackouts, and body weakness. The balance alterations are as a result of brain and inner ear malfunctions either brought about by other serious health conditions or medication. Balance and vertigo health problems are most likely to affect the daily activities of its victims considering its impact on their psychological and emotional faculties. Balance and Vertigo have been attributed to various causes that affect the mechanical and nerve aspects of the brain and ear where the three balance canals are located. The body depends on the balance canals to relay signals to the brain and maintain body balance.
There are two types of vertigo, namely; peripheral vertigo and central vertigo, classified according to the cause of the health condition. Peripheral vertigo is the most common type caused by the destruction of the mechanical part of the inner ear. The causes of peripheral vertigo include; head injury, labyrinthitis, certain types of medication, and vestibular neuronitis. Loss of balance can occur for a couple of minutes or even hours after a vertigo attack. Severe head injuries can contribute to vertigo and dizziness and in severe instances, the labyrinth can be inflamed. On the other hand, central vertigo arises from malfunctions of part of the brainstem (the lower part of the brain attached to the spinal cord). The causes of central vertigo are associated with migraines, multiple sclerosis, acoustic neuroma, brain tumors, and stroke.